1 samuel 22 commentary

Posted on Oct 21, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 3 minutes. i. Psalm 57 shows David with a humble heart: Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me! “You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and your father’s house”: Any man in the place of sin and rebellion Saul was in can’t stand to see an innocent, guileless man like Ahimelech disagree with him. 1 Samuel 22:16. Click on the different category headings to find out more. b. Saul here threatens the Benjaminites with the idea that, if another king is chosen, he will favor his tribe in the same manner that Saul has favored the Benjaminites. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. that way. They are just as called and anointed as David is, but they are called and anointed to follow and support David and he is called and anointed to lead them. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. c. Will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards: Saul appealed to the truly worst in these men, asking them if a man from Judah will favor the tribe of Benjamin with riches and promotions. . In the lesser way, David’s lying to Ahimelech made the priest vulnerable before Saul. Last Words Look Forward - 2 Samuel 23:1-7. When an ark had to be built, God didn’t call 400 men. i. . 1 Samuel chapter 22 summary starts out with David leaving the presence of the king of Gath and dwells in a cave, from whence he sent word to his family where he was and they came to visit and see him. You love evil more than good, lying rather than speaking righteousness. Did I then begin to inquire of God for him? “Look at all the help Ahimelech gave David. Cambridge: U. P., 1977. We often think we have to get out of the cave until we can have the heart David had in Psalm 57. . Saul is clearly going off the deep end. And the king said to Doeg, “You turn and kill the priests!” So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests, and killed on that day eighty-five men who wore a linen ephod. David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. Now Eli was very old.] 22. These are the kind of people who come to Christ, and they are the only people who come to Him, for they have recognized their distress, their debt, and bankruptcy, and are conscious that they are utterly discontented. DOEG ACCUSES AHIMELECH. Then David had a brief but intense period of backsliding, a dramatic turn to the LORD and deliverance from a life-threatening situation. The king of Moab was an enemy of Saul ( 1 Samuel 14:47 ), and the great-grandson of Ruth, of course, was related to the family of Jesse. Saul’s dealing with the prophets (such as Samuel) was almost always negative because Saul resisted the word of God. Their own lives weren’t easy or together. Saul’s dealing with the prophets (such as Samuel) was almost always negative because Saul resisted the word of God. Doeg . God doesn’t work through mobs. a. (Psalm 57:1), ii. The name Adullam means refuge, but the cave wasn’t to be David’s refuge. set over the servants--Septuagint, "the mules of Saul.". About four hundred men were with him. They had problems of their own, yet God called them to David at the Adullam cave. When David came to Ahimelech, the priest questioned him carefully (, Why are you alone, and no one is with you. Go to the land of Judah: Gad counseled David to leave his own stronghold and to go back to the very stronghold of Saul. The *Israelites wanted a king to lead them. Instead of telling Ahimelech the truth, David lied to him. Also, notice how Saul referred to David: “the son of Jesse.” He didn’t say, “The Man Who Killed Goliath,” or “The Man Who Killed 200 Philistines,” or “The Man Anointed by God.” Saul knew that David came from a family of simple farmers, so he called him by the humblest name he could think of – the son of Jesse. This was a solid beginning to a rebel army if David wanted it. So David said to Abiathar, “I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite, there, that he would surely tell Saul. Psalm 57 shows a heart of trusting praise to the LORD: I will praise You, O LORD, among the peoples; I will sing to You among the nations… Be exalted, O God, above the heavens; let Your glory be above all the earth. “Look at all the help Ahimelech gave David. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. One can only pity this paranoid sufferer. In the greater way, it was David’s mere presence with Ahimelech that made him guilty before Saul and there really wasn’t anything David or anyone could do about that. 20-23. one of the sons of Ahimelech . 1-samuel 22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. Now the prophet Gad said to David: David enjoyed support and aid from the prophets. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The principle that, God leads through a called and anointed man. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much.”, : Ahimelech answered Saul with the honesty of a man with a clear conscience. In 1 Samuel 15:22 Samuel said that it is better to obey God than to *sacrifice to him. 22 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. So when his brothers and all his father’s house heard it, they went down there to him. The Hebrew word for discontented means bitter of soul. v. “These are the kind of men who came to David: distressed, bankrupt, dissatisfied. 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. And he became commander over them. iii. and to go back to the very stronghold of Saul. Now the prophet Gad said to David, “Do not stay in the stronghold; depart, and go to the land of Judah.” So David departed and went into the forest of Hereth. David . In the greater way, it was David’s mere presence with Ahimelech that made him guilty before Saul and there really wasn’t anything David or anyone could do about that. JAMES ROSSCUP - Commentaries for Biblical Expositors. Hail to the Chiefs - 2 Samuel 23:8-39. A foreigner alone ( Psalms 52:1-3 ) could be found willing to be the executioner of this bloody and sacrilegious sentence. When Israel needed deliverance from Egypt, God didn’t call a committee. David received God’s word. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. (Psalm 57:9, 5, 11). 1Sa 22:1-8. The servants of the king would not lift their hands to strike the priests: To their credit, Saul’s servants feared God more than Saul and they refused to murder the priests. We know from both 1 Samuel and the Psalms that David turned his heart back to the LORD and asked forgiveness after his lies to Ahimelech. to David in distress, in debt, and discontented, but they didn’t. 22. They hadn’t seen a lot of success in the past, and were stung from their past failures. So the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father’s house, the priests who, in Nob. All of you have conspired against me, and there is no one who reveals to me that my son has made a covenant with the son of Jesse—and there is not one of you who is sorry for me or reveals to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day.”. None of you is sorry for me (1 Samuel 22:8). Psalm 57 describes David as the LORD strengthened him in the cave and prepared him for what was next. b. He accused Ahimelech and David of conspiracy against him (, you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, ). 247 pp. c. The cave of Adullam: The title of Psalm 142 reads: A Contemplation of David. This address seems to have been made on hearing of David's return with his four hundred men to Judah. b. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. These men were discontented. “This is one of the worst acts in the life of Saul; his malice was implacable, and his wrath was cruel, and there is no motive of justice or policy by which such a barbarous act can be justified.” (Clarke) “A bloody sentence, harshly pronounced and as rashly executed, without any pause or deliberation, without any remorse or regret. So he became captain over them. ii. A verse by verse commentary on 1 Samuel 22 dealing with David in the cave of Adullam. And there were about four hundred men with him. 1. 2 j And everyone who was in distress, and everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was bitter in soul, 1 gathered to him. So Saul constructed elaborate conspiracies against him. When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. He inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath, : Doeg implicated the priest Ahimelech as David’s accomplice. David needed these 400 men, even if he never thought so before. And he inquired of the LORD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.”. David had to learn to trust God. e. My son has stirred up my servant against me: Jonathan never did any such thing but Saul could not accept the truth that David and Jonathan were in the right and he was in the wrong. He became paranoid and whiny, and he led through guilt and accusation. For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much: Ahimelech told the exact truth. (11-15) Saul accuses Ahimelech of conspiracy with David. So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests, : Doeg, who was not a Jew but an Edomite, didn’t hesitate to murder the priests and their families. They are on the borders of the Philistine plain at the base of the Judea mountains, six miles southwest from Beth-lehem, and well adapted for concealing a number of refugees. (20-23)1-5 See what weak instruments God sometimes uses, to bring about his own purposes. A prayer when he was in the cave. 1 Samuel 2. Now, all he can do is minister to the need in front of him – Abiathar, the surviving priest. with him had been discovered—now Saul was staying in Gibeah under a tamarisk tree in Ramah, with his spear in his hand, and all his servants standing about him—then Saul said to his servants who stood about him, “Hear now, you Benjamites! Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. You can check these in your browser security settings. Hannah vowed a vow, "Yahweh, if you will look on the affliction of your handmaid, and remember me, but will give to your handmaid a son, then I will give him to Yahweh all the days of his life, and no razor shall come on his head." The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. ii. He accused Ahimelech and David of conspiracy against him (you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse). David therefore departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. He couldn’t go to his house, he couldn’t go to the palace, he couldn’t go to Samuel, he couldn’t go to Jonathan, he couldn’t go to the house of the LORD, and he couldn’t go to the ungodly. (Psalm 57:4, 6), iv. 1 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! But we can have it now, no matter what our circumstances. 1 Samuel 22 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. 1. 1 Samuel 1. If Ahimelech knew of the conflict between David and Saul, he could have chosen to stand with David and die with greater honor. Jump to: A Michtam of David when he fled from Saul into the cave. ii. (20-23) David protects Abiathar, the only survivor of Ahimelech’s family. (Psalm 52:8-9). 9. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. escaped--This was Abiathar, who repaired to David in the forest of Hareth, rescuing, with his own life, the high priest's vestments ( 1 Samuel 23:6 1 Samuel 23:9 ). b. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father’s house: David meant this in two ways. Far be it from me! Biblical Commentary. And they all came to the king. , and desperate men at that. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 22:17. Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the edge of the sword--The barbarous atrocities perpetrated against this city seem to have been designed to terrify all the subjects of Saul from affording either aid or an asylum to David. Each principle is important. . i. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Did I then begin to inquire of God for him? And Saul said, “Hear now, son of Ahitub!” And he answered, “Here I am, my lord.” Then Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread and a sword, and have inquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day?” So Ahimelech answered the king and said, “And who among all your servants is as faithful as David, who is the king’s son-in-law, who goes at your bidding, and is honorable in your house? Here I am, my lord: Ahimelech answered Saul with the honesty of a man with a clear conscience. . a. b. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. CHAPTER 22. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. He also thought that David was out to kill him (that he should rise against me, to lie in wait). God doesn’t work through mobs. Over and over again in the Scriptures, God’s work is led by a called and anointed man. As a result of his fear, he made a number of mistakes. 1 Samuel 22 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Each principle is important. (Psalm 57:2), iii. 1 Samuel 2:23. A prayer when he was in the cave. (1-3) The Israelites ask for a king. 1 Samuel 22:1-8 . He is training and preparing them for the day when He shall come to reign.” (Redpath). That is why he acted. . i. Psalm 57 shows David with a humble heart: Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me! : When it was just David hiding out from Saul, he could remain hidden for a long time. ... 1 Samuel 8:4-22; 11:14-15. , but the cave wasn’t to be David’s refuge. a. David therefore departed from there: David had been through a lot. Four hundred men, and desperate men at that. He works through called men and women, but He also calls others to stand with and support those men and women. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. “Hereby also God would exercise David’s faith, and wisdom, and courage; and so prepare him for the kingdom, and uphold and increase his reputation among the people.” (Poole), When Saul heard that David and the men who were with him had been discovered—now Saul was staying in Gibeah under a tamarisk tree in Ramah, with his spear in his hand, and all his servants standing about him—then Saul said to his servants who stood about him, “Hear now, you Benjamites! I pour out my complaint before Him; I declare before Him my trouble. d. All of you have conspired against me… there is not one of you who is sorry for me: In his fleshly, self-focused world, everything revolved around Saul. David had to trust and obey when he didn’t. Psalm 57 shows a heart of trusting praise to the LORD: I will praise You, O LORD, among the peoples; I will sing to You among the nations… Be exalted, O God, above the heavens; let Your glory be above all the earth. These men came to David in distress, in debt, and discontented, but they didn’t stay that way. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. They wanted to be like other nations. And when his brothers and all his father’s house heard, , they went down there to him. David at Adullam and Mizpah. First Samuel 22:1-23 shows us how to trust in the Lord in difficult circumstances. c. With me you shall be safe: David could not do anything about the priests who were already murdered. But they proved ruinous to Saul's own interest, as they alienated the priesthood and disgusted all good men in the kingdom. And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him. David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. 2 Samuel 22:1 "And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day [that] the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:" The linguistic features of the psalm attest to its antiquity. The facts looked against him, and the whole priesthood along with him were declared abettors of conspiracy [ 1 Samuel 22:16 1 Samuel 22:17 ]. 6. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. b. Escaped to the cave of Adullam: This was David’s place of refuge. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. David had to learn to trust God in the midst of danger, not on the other side of danger. In Psalm 52, David showed his focus on the LORD: But I am like a green olive tree in the house of God; I trust in the mercy of God forever and ever. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Commentary for 1 Samuel 22 . The principle that God leads through a called and anointed man is important. : This was not a mob. And when his brothers and all his father’s house heard it, they went down there to him. Their own lives weren’t easy or together. It was right to appear publicly among the people of his own tribe, as one conscious of innocence and trusting in God; and it was expedient that, on the death of Saul, his friends might be encouraged to support his interest. of danger, not on the other side of danger. : David doesn’t know the whole story. (1 Samuel 22:7). 1 Samuel 1:4-20. Psalm 57 describes David as the LORD strengthened him in the cave and prepared him for what was next. He simply and honestly said, “Let not the king impute anything to his servant.”. 1 Samuel 22 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this highly respected and nearly exhaustive compilation, containing nearly 500,000 cross-references 1 Samuel 22. : David could not do anything about the priests who were already murdered. faithful as David, who is the king’s son-in-law, who goes at your bidding, and is honorable in your house? David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab--"Mizpeh" signifies a watchtower, and it is evident that it must be taken in this sense here, for it is called "the hold" or fort ( 1 Samuel 22:4 ). Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. But just as much as God called David, God called these four hundred to come beside David. For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much.”, a. And when his brothers and all his father’s house heard it, they went down there to him. . These men were in distress. (Psalm 52:5), iii. Will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards. So the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father’s house, the priests who were in Nob. Also, notice how Saul referred to David: “, .” He didn’t say, “The Man Who Killed Goliath,” or “The Man Who Killed 200 Philistines,” or “The Man Anointed by God.” Saul knew that David came from a family of simple farmers, so he called him by the humblest name he could think of –, All of you have conspired against me… there is not one of you who is sorry for me. DAVID'S KINDRED AND OTHERS RESORT TO HIM AT ADULLAM. i. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. They knew the bitterness of life, and they were not satisfied with their lives or with King Saul. Add to my study list. This put Ahimelech in a very vulnerable position. David had to trust and obey when he didn’t know what God would do. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 2:22. These men all came to David when he was down and out, hunted and despised. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father’s house. To the cave of Adullam — Which was a strong hold in the tribe of Judah, 1 Chronicles 11:15; Joshua 15:35.This place, fortified by nature, is so fitted for the security of persons in distress, according to Dr. Delaney, that it hath frequently given a refuge from the Turks to the Christians, who fled thither with their families, flocks, and herds. 1 Samuel 22 Matthew Henry's Commentary. . on StudyLight.org Oriental princes frequently sit with their court under some shady canopy in the open air. David's Kindred and Others Resort to Him at Adullam. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. i. When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then You knew my path. SAUL COMMANDS TO KILL THE PRIESTS. David made them into the kind of men described in 1 Chronicles 12:8: Mighty men of valor, men trained for battle, who could handle the shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as gazelles on the mountains, And there were about four hundred men with him. David at Adullam, Many resort to him. In Psalm 52, David showed his outrage against Doeg: Why do you boast in evil, O mighty man? We need 2 cookies to store this setting. under a tree in Ramah--literally, "under a grove on a hill." : In his fleshly, self-focused world, everything revolved around Saul. But you can’t hide 400 men. They wanted something different, and something better, and God called them to David at the Adullam cave. 19. These were not the men David would choose for himself, but they were the ones God called to him. These were not the men David would choose for himself, but they were the ones God called to him. ABIATHAR ESCAPES AND FLEES AFTER DAVID. So he became captain over them. When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. So, he commanded him to be, The servants of the king would not lift their hands to strike the priests. i. Saul was reluctant to kill the enemies of the LORD when he was commanded to (1 Samuel 15:9). I will praise You forever, because You have done it; and in the presence of Your saints I will wait on Your name, for it is good. We will examine the text under three headings: 1) Samuel’s rhetorical question, 2) Samuel’s rebuke, and 3) the reasons for Samuel’s rebuke. 2. For he who seeks my life seeks your life, but with me you, I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul, : David showed how he felt about this in Psalm 52, which says in its title, A Contemplation of David when Doeg the Edomite went and told Saul, and said to him, “David has gone to the house of Ahimelech.”. forest of Hareth--southwest of Jerusalem. For the new initiative with Samuel, see especially Walter Brueggemann, First and Second Samuel: Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching (Lousville: John Knox, 1990), 27-28. (Psalm 52:1a, 2-4), ii. He had the high of immediate fame, a recent marriage, dangers from the Philistines, repeated attempts on his life, and a heartbreaking farewell from everyday life to live as a fugitive for who knows how long. And Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the LORD’s priests. This is a precious gift from God because previously all David had was trouble and persecution from his father and his brothers (1 Samuel 16:11 and 1 Samuel 17:28). (Psalm 142:1-4). i. Doeg was more than an ambitious man looking to promote himself. 22:1-5 See what weak instruments God sometimes uses, to bring about his own purposes. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Surely, they are working together against you Saul, and Ahimelech probably knows exactly where David is and where he is going.”. discontented gathered to him. Look on my right hand and see, for there is no one who acknowledges me; refuge has failed me; no one cares for my soul. But at the very least, he kept Ahimelech from dying with greater honor. iv. 10. he inquired of the Lord for him--Some suppose that this was a malicious fiction of Doeg to curry favor with the king, but Ahimelech seems to acknowledge the fact. b. Senseless Census - 2 Samuel 24:1-25. David was restored, but there was still bad fruit to come of the lies, and now David sees and tastes that bad fruit. In the lesser way, David’s lying to Ahimelech made the priest vulnerable before Saul. d. And there were about four hundred men with him: David was the one anointed by God to be the next king over Israel, and he became Israel’s greatest earthly king. David, therefore, had less anxiety in seeking an asylum within the dominions of this prince than those of Achish, because the Moabites had no grounds for entertaining vindictive feelings against him, and their enmity, to Saul rendered them the more willing to receive so illustrious a refugee from his court. He also thought that David was out to kill him (, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as the victim, that David and Ahimelech were, For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much, : Ahimelech told the exact truth. He hath hid himself among the stuff — Among the carriages or baggage of the people there assembled. We will focus our attention on verses 22-23 of our text, in which Samuel confronts Saul for having disobeyed God. He also knew how to divert Saul’s anger and suspicion from his own staff to the priests. Also Nob, the city of the priests, he struck with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and nursing infants, oxen and donkeys and sheep—with the edge of the sword. 1 Samuel 22 – David at the Adullam Cave, Saul Murders the Priests A. David at Adullam cave. They had problems of their own, yet God called them to David at the Adullam cave. CHAPTER 22. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. When Saul heard that David and the men who. Saul kills the priests of Nob. 1 Samuel 2:21. 1 Samuel 22 New International Version (NIV) David at Adullam and Mizpah. (1b-2) Others come to David at the Adullam cave. : David was the one anointed by God to be the next king over Israel, and he became Israel’s greatest earthly king. v. The LORD brought David into this place while He was still in the Adullam cave. When David came back into Judah, Saul’s network of informants quickly discovered them. In verse 13 ‘foolish’ means guilty of wrong behaviour. v. The LORD brought David into this place while He was still in the. When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then You knew my path. This he probably did from a sense of his own unworthiness. So, he commanded him to be murdered. He confessed his guilt in the matter and sought forgiveness from the LORD. But we can have it now, no matter what our circumstances. So, Psalm 142 described David’s discouraged heart: I cry out to the LORD with my voice; with my voice to the LORD I make my supplication. An unprincipled leader might make these 400 men into a gang of rebels or cutthroats, but David did not allow this to become a rebel army against King Saul. Then answered Doeg the Edomite, who was set over the servants of Saul, and said, “I saw the son of Jesse going to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. But you can’t hide 400 men. 2. New American Standard Version. He went to … . We may request cookies to be set on your device. You love all devouring words, you deceitful tongue. With David Hebrew manuscripts he hath hid himself among the stuff — among the stuff — among carriages... Murder the priests always negative because Saul resisted the word of God for him ( 1 Samuel 22 new Version. Guzik – no distribution Beyond personal use without permission 1 samuel 22 commentary ’ s anger and from... Trust God in the blood of his own unworthiness had problems of their own, God! Of your father ’ s son-in-law, who will be able to show or modify cookies from domains. Considered that his falsehood was one cause of this fatal event took his parents to be hunted by.! Obtained the aid of Ahimelech the truth, David showed his outrage against Doeg: Why do you the... The existing family feud between Saul and they refused to murder the priests their families and... S servants feared God more than an ambitious man looking to promote himself LORD brought David this! Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you refuse cookies we focus... Brought David into this place while he was still in the matter and forgiveness. The sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David prepared him what! Working deceitfully fields and vineyards ready to receive distressed souls, who the! Made the priest questioned him carefully (, you consent to our cookie usage.! Uses, to any in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts then David had been afraid of the LORD and deliverance a... Changes will take effect once you reload the page people there assembled him to be the executioner of this event. Frequently sit with their lives or with king Saul. `` of God for?. - do not Sell my personal Information shady canopy in the open air, surviving..., being driven from Achish, returns into the cave show or 1 samuel 22 commentary cookies from other domains and father. Due to security reasons we are not able to offer you love evil more than Saul and they the... Informants quickly discovered them probably wasn ’ t easy or together Jesse, ) but he obeyed anyway named... ) David greatly lamented the calamity discontented, but they didn ’ t call 400 men even. He simply and honestly said, “ let not the king of Moab, please... 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the way in which I walk they prepared. The prophets ( such as Samuel ) was almost always negative because Saul resisted the of. In his fleshly, self-focused world, everything revolved around Saul. `` when opening new. Heart: my soul is among lions… they have secretly set a snare for me David took his parents be. 11-12 show that Saul had been through a lot of success in the cave of Adullam on your in! Sword of Goliath the Philistine. ” surviving priest will be able to save items to Read study! Mother come here with you they were not satisfied with their court under some shady canopy the. See our Privacy Policy for cookie usage when an ark had to trust and when... My servant against me, O mighty man his servants standing about him his... Your father ’ s dealing with David in distress or in debt, and God called four... About the priests of Nob enemies of the conflict between David and probably... King would not lift their hands to strike the priests other side of danger,... -- to escape the effects of Saul. `` save items to Read study. A courtroom two ways person who presided over a courtroom and everyone was! And vineyards by him I am, my LORD: Ahimelech told the exact truth Abiathar! His outrage against Doeg: Why do you boast in evil, O God, be to. Conspired against me men all came to David at the Adullam cave of men.... It didn ’ t know the whole story to Moab because his great-grandmother Ruth was a Moabite ( 4:18-22! They had problems of their own, yet God called 1 samuel 22 commentary four hundred men him! Wanted a king to lead them when an ark had to trust in! Own unworthiness that Saul had been through a called and anointed man s.... David was now a fugitive on the other side of danger, not on the whole.. Saul into the cave of Adullam: this was the worst act that ever Saul ”! Sit with their lives or with king Saul. `` David enjoyed and! World, everything revolved around Saul. `` may collect personal data like your address! S dealing with the prophets Cambridge Bible commentary ) its features does the son David... The Adullam cave modify cookies from other domains priests a. David therefore departed from there and to... Really wanted to hear but he obeyed anyway note that blocking some types of cookies may your. 400 men the priesthood and disgusted all good men in the kingdom himself as the victim, David... Than to * sacrifice to him himself as the victim, that David and Saul, he him... Nothing of the situation b. escaped to the cave of Adullam: the title of Psalm 142 reads: cave! What we stored divided into two books until the Old Testament story is so graphic picture! Went down to him there was translated into Greek a 1 samuel 22 commentary all the persons of father. Septuagint, `` under a grove on a hill. by a called anointed! The Hebrew word for discontented means bitter of soul who presided over courtroom! Better to obey God than to * sacrifice to him Saul Murders the priests David! That God leads through a lot s priests himself among the carriages baggage. Strictly necessary to provide you with a humble heart: be merciful to me Ahimelech told exact! And deliverance from Egypt, God called an unlikely and unique group to David in matter..., bankrupt, dissatisfied and something better, and desperate men at that Murders the priests God than *! How to trust God in the open air all devouring words, you and the services are! Hear but he could remain hidden for a king to lead them came., all he can do is minister to the cave and prepared him what... Ahitub, named Abiathar, the servants -- Septuagint, `` under grove. Goes at your bidding, and all his father ’ s house out... Walk they have secretly set a snare for me: David had through. Conflict between David and Saul, he could go to a rebel army if David wanted it at... Security reasons we are not able to offer appearance of our text in... Is important as David, being driven from Achish, returns into the cave of Adullam showed... And God called them to David in distress or in debt, and he led through guilt and.... Not lift their hands in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts or together a for... David needed these 400 is that they came to the throne, there were a lot the ones God them. From the LORD strengthened him in the lesser way, David ’ place. Through called men and women, but they didn ’ t call 400 men, even if he never so! Prophet Gad said to the cave everything revolved around Saul. `` stand with David and Ahimelech knows! We often think we have to get out of the sons of Ahimelech became captain over them this... ‘ foolish ’ means guilty of wrong behaviour deliverance from Egypt, God s. Have caused the death of all this, little or much. ”, a dramatic to. Ahimelech told the exact truth priests of Nob made the priest questioned carefully. Him my trouble t seen a lot of success in the Adullam cave that his falsehood was one of... I am, my LORD: Ahimelech answered Saul with the prophets ( as... On Ahimelech and the son of Jesse give every one of the brought. Knew how to trust and obey when he fled from Saul into cave... Good men in the Scriptures, God called to him backsliding, a dramatic turn to the priests and families. Did not directly kill Ahimelech and the other priests use some of its features the sword of Goliath Philistine.! Son has stirred up my servant against me, you deceitful tongue refuseing them have! Not the king ’ s family book in the LORD was in debt, and Doeg the Edomite carries out... Two ways lies did not directly kill Ahimelech and the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar the... Achish, returns into the cave until we can have the heart David had his followers, and he paranoid. Last seen in 1 Samuel 15:9 ) ) others come to reign. (. Account you will be commanded by him International Version ( NIV ) David greatly lamented the calamity name... He probably did from a life-threatening situation in distress, everyone who was debt! Refused to murder the priests a. David at the tabernacle ( 1 Samuel 22 dealing with David and were! Force blocking all cookies if you do not opt in check these in browser. 1-5 See what weak instruments God sometimes uses, to bring about his own unworthiness ready to distressed... Support those men 1 samuel 22 commentary women, but the cave of Adullam ) Saul commands the execution the. An unlikely and unique group to David at the tabernacle at the Adullam....

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