what causes stretch marks

This can result from corticosteroid medication use or a disease such as Cushing's syndrome. MacGregor JL, et al. Stretch marks occur when skin gets overstretched. There are a few common causes of stretch marks, such as growth spurts (especially due to puberty), weight gain, pregnancy, and weight loss. Prevention is mostly avoiding quick weight gain and then loss. Anetoderma and other atrophic disorders of the skin. Aesthetic Surgery Journal. This is especially common as a result of: Puberty; Pregnancy; Genetics; When specific areas of the body grow more quickly than normal and your skin can’t quite keep up. Stretch marks can cover large areas of the body, but it happens rarely. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. Stretch marks are small narrow silver streaks that occur when the skin is stretched quickly. Their severity is affected by several factors, including your genetic tendency, degree of stress on the skin and cortisone level. Over time they become less noticeable. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. It is also known as "striae distensae". The excimer laser stimulates skin color (melanin) production so that stretch marks match the surrounding skin more closely. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Sudden weight gain. During any of these events, your skin will fluctuate quickly, resulting in the appearance of stretch marks. they have a tendency to … See detailed information below for a list of 14 causes of Stretch marks, Symptom Checker, including diseases and drug side effect causes. Combined with body and self-esteem issues, stretch marks can upset women far more than validate their personal progress. Stretch marks are caused by tearing of the dermis during periods of rapid growth of the body, such as during puberty or pregnancy. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. This causes the elastic fibers just under the surface of the skin to break, resulting in stretch marks. Women are far more likely to develop stretch marks, in general. Other possible causes include: Exposure to chemicals such as pesticides or insecticides during childhood and adolescence. Striae. Stretch marks don't all look alike. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome weakens the structure of the skin, which can lead to stretch marks at a young age. Some common conditions include varicose veins and stretch marks. Stretch marks are often caused by sudden growth or weight gain. Some men and women are prone to develop stretch marks on the abdomen, buttocks and thighs. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2014. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Stretch marks occur when the elastic middle layer of skin called the dermis is stretched. Common causes of stretch marks include weight gain, pregnancy, and bodybuilding as your body changes or grows rapidly. These chemicals may have damaged cells in the skin. It can be difficult to ever fully get rid of cellulite or stretch marks. 1. Skin conditions and rashes can occur at any time throughout your pregnancy. Warnings. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/. Stretch marks are common in certain circumstances: The following put you at greater risk for developing stretch marks: Your doctor can tell if you have stretch marks by simply looking at your skin and reviewing your medical history. Over time they may diminish, but will not disappear completely. New insights on keloids, hypertrophic scars and striae. Stretch marks are caused by any extreme stretching of the skin. This causes the elastic fibers just under the surface of the skin to break, resulting in stretch marks. Stretch marks in children are produced when the collagen, a type of protein which keeps the skin elastic is not able to cope up with growth of the child. While stretch marks may be relatively common, they tend not to be a cause for celebration. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Teenagers may also notice stretch marks after a sudden growth spurt. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Stretch marks seem as linear streaks on the skin that has been overstretched, and that they run perpendicular to most lines of tension within the skin. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. When stretch marks first appear, they tend to be red, purple, pink, reddish-brown, or dark brown, depending on your skin color. Stretch marks are streaks that appear on your abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. http://www.uptodate.com/home. These lines are a different color and texture than your normal skin, and they range from purple to bright pink to light gray. The result is skin being pulled and stretched causing stretch marks. Causes of Stretch Marks on Legs. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. The most common cause of stretch marks is pregnancy, and pregnancy-associated stretch marks are medically known as striae gravidarum. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. 8th ed. Brennan M, et al. 2015;172:606. The following treatments may be given to improve the appearance of stretchmarks. It is an unbalance of this hormone that causes stretch marks to appear as your skin loses its elasticity. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD000066.pub2/abstract.Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Unfortunately, not everyone can avoid it. The scar-like marks on the skin can have many causes; sometimes they're preventable but, more often, they're not. A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Medical conditions: Certain conditions can cause stretch marks, such as Marfan syndrome and Cushing’s syndrome. If an individual gains weight rapidly, he or she may develop them. Stretch marks rarely cause physical symptoms that require treatment. STRETCH MARKS are caused by tearing of the dermis during periods of rapid growth of the body including puberty or pregnancy. Pregnancy, puberty, and rapid weight gain can all cause stretch marks. There are several reasons why the skin rapidly stretches and develops these scars, including pregnancy, sudden weight gain, puberty, as well as some medications. The risk factors for the formation of stretch marks include females, pregnant women, both boys and girls in teens and people with certain genetic diseases. The cause of having stretch marks comes down to the elasticity of your skin. In: Williams Obstetrics. Weight gain during training for sporting events may also cause stretch marks as well. While stretch marks may appear red or purple when they first develop, they will fade to almost flesh-toned over time. No matter the cause, dry, itchy skin is annoying and the…. The risk factors for the formation of stretch marks include females, pregnant women, both boys and girls in teens and people with certain genetic diseases. In pregnancy they usually form during the last trimester, and usually on the belly, but also commonly occur on the breasts, thighs, hips, lower back and buttocks; these are known as striae g What Causes Stretch Marks From Working Out? Stretch marks are your skin’s natural response to sudden growth or stretching. PLOS One. There are several ways to improve the appearance of stretch marks: Medical procedures and prescription medicines aren’t guaranteed to cure stretch marks, and they can be expensive. Stretch marks are an undesired skin condition. Stretch marks can appear on anyone at any time. The most common cause of stretch marks is pregnancy, and pregnancy-associated stretch marks are medically known as striae gravidarum. The most common places that stretch marks occur are on the abdomen, thighs and breasts. Rapid weight change is a possible cause of stretch marks (as discussed above), which is one reason why stretch marks can develop as a result of pregnancy. Stretch marks happen when your body grows faster than your skin can keep up with. All rights reserved. Cortisone — a hormone produced by the adrenal glands — weakens elastic fibers in the skin. Hussain HA, et al. 2015;73:699. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Certain conditions can cause stretch marks, such as Marfan syndrome and Cushing's syndrome. Hormonal changes in pregnancy can affect your skin and make you more likely to … Goldsmith LA, et al., eds. The causes of stretch marks can be difficult to understand. In: Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. If you have Cushing’s disease or Marfan syndrome, you may see stretch marks. Make a donation. Common causes of stretch marks. Teenagers should avoid tanning, which may cause stretch marks to appear discolored against skin that does not have stretch marks. Rapid growth frequently causes stretch marks. Cushing syndrome causes elevated cortisol levels, which leads to rapid weight gain. Rapid weight change is a possible cause of stretch marks (as discussed above), which is one reason why stretch marks can develop as a result of pregnancy. Stretch marks may occur during various phases of life, may be related to increased cortisol (a hormone produced by the adrenal glands) secretion or be associated with increased body mass. Darker-skinned individuals may experience skin discoloration. It's the scarring that causes stretch marks to appear. Stretch marks on legs after pregnancy . http://www.uptodate.com/home. HOW STRETCH MARKS DEVELOP. Tsai TL, et al. Picard D, et al. Anyone can develop stretch marks, but some factors increase your likelihood of getting them, including: The best way to reduce the likelihood of getting stretch marks is to maintain a healthy weight. Compared to stretch marks from other causes, those caused by … Moisturizing your skin may help to relieve the itchiness of stretch marks. What Causes Stretch Marks? Hexsel D, et al. This is what leads to those lines that are a form of scarring. Skin changes and diseases in pregnancy. Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, Book: Mayo Clinic Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter. British Journal of Dermatology. See how to do it right, to avoid bad side…. Pregnancy is one of the most well-known factors behind stretch marks, as well as puberty—it’s common knowledge that sudden weight gain is a key reason. They form in the middle layer of your skin after being stretched too far. 2014;40:537. Stretch marks and treatment efficacies. Obese and overweight people usually have stretch marks on different parts of their body since their skin is unable to expand fast enough to accommodate their growing size. Obese and overweight people usually have stretch marks on different parts of their body since their skin is unable to expand fast enough to accommodate their growing size. Debra Rose Wilson, PhD, MSN, RN, IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT. Maternal physiology. Rapid growth frequently causes stretch marks. Stretch marks often fade with time. They don’t discriminate. Everyone can get stretch marks, but women are more likely to develop them than men, likely because females tend to have curvier body shapes (stretch marks often occur on the breasts, hips, buttocks, and thighs) and, of course, pregnancy is a major cause of them. 4th ed. During any of these events, your skin will fluctuate quickly, resulting in the appearance of stretch marks. These marks are initially red or purple in color, but gradually fades to off-white or grey with silvery outline of the stretch marks. What causes stretch marks? New stretch marks are bright red, blue, black or purple. Stretch marks are very common and do not just affect pregnant women. They can happen whenever the skin is stretched, for example when we're growing during puberty or when putting on weight. Ud-Din S, et al. Stretch marks, also called striae, are scars that are associated with the skin being stretched and thinned, which causes the elastic fibers to break. When the body's elastic fibers deep beneath the epidermis becomes damaged these scars can appear. Applying a self-tanning gel or lotion may help to reduce stretch marks' appearance. Treatment of Skin Disease: Comprehensive Therapeutic Strategies. There is permanent breakage of the cells and fibers of the skin. Since we have stretch marks forming on different body parts, the article will narrow down to address the subcategories of stretch marks depending on their area of appearance. Stretch marks: Introduction. Stretch marks, also known as Striae or Striae distensae, are a form of scarring on the skin with an off-color hue. If you have stretch marks, you can be sure that they will go away. Use of a specific anti-stretch mark cream for preventing or reducing the severity of striae gravidarum. What causes stretch marks? However, some people dislike their appearance and may feel self-conscious if the marks are conspicuous. These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. Stretch marks are a type of scar that forms an indent on the skin. Stretch marks seem to be caused by a stretching of the skin. They can also be caused by the overproduction of certain hormones. Corticosteroid creams, lotions, and pills can cause stretch marks by decreasing the skin’s ability to stretch. Stretch marks usually appear in a bluish or purplish color. See our safe care and visitor guidelines, plus trusted coronavirus information. Stretch marks, or striae distensae, are bands of linear scars that occur due to the overextension of the skin. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Fractional photothermolysis is similar to pulsed dye laser therapy in that it uses a. This content does not have an Arabic version. You may be more likely to get them if you: are pregnant – read more about stretch marks in pregnancy; are going through puberty; lose or gain weight quickly; are female; are overweight; use some kinds of steroid creams or tablets Many factors can trigger the appearance of stretch marks. What causes stretch marks? Hormonal changes in pregnancy can affect your skin and make you more likely to … Although some people might find stretch marks unsightly, they're nothing to be ashamed of -- they're completely normal and quite common. Are far more likely to … causes of stretch marks during pregnancy you 'll gain weight over a brief. T stretch enough to keep up with other than pregnancy a healthy weight so that these marks are known... Skin lose its elasticity factors, skin elasticity, and they appear bands! Treatment can make your skin will be pushed further you can be difficult to understand glands — weakens elastic just... 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