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An examination of that history may not provide final answers, but it does provide important clues. Plato, in his Symposium, describes Socrates and Aristophanes engaged in friendly conversation. Plato's Socrates provocatively tells his jury that he is a hero. The accusers that have brought Socrates to trial claim he is corrupting the minds of the youth and of believing in the supernatural of his own creation rather than the gods of the state. Socrates’ specific type of questioning “has made an enemy of him and of many others,” which in turn is one of the main reasons he is brought to trial because he has made a fool of many prominent society members. In the case of Socrates, the proceedings began when Meletus, a poet, delivered an oral summons to Socrates in the presence of witnesses. The trial and execution of Socrates in Athens in 399 B.C.E. Publication date 1895 Topics Socrates Publisher London : Macmillan ; New York : Macmillan Collection cdl; americana Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor University of California Libraries Language English. The trial of Socrates marked an interesting turning point in the lives of his followers. Grube) (Original Review, 2000-12-02) I'm not trying to do much more than suggest Plato isn't starting from a blank sheet but from huge trauma: the death of a way of life that produced his great teacher, Socrates, but at the same time, killed him. However, because the law had no penalty ordained for his offense, it was required of Socrates to propose his own penalty, or to take the one suggested by Meletos, the death penalty. These young men, who spent much of their time in the public gymnasia, prided themselves on their toughness, practiced a certain simplicity of style, and grew their hair long—all in imitation of Spartan ways. The trial and death of Socrates : being the Euthyphron, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo of Plato by Plato; Church, F. J. Socrates must have known that his proposed "punishment" would infuriate the jury. As a member of the jury for the trial of Socrates, I have concluded that Socrates is not guilty of corrupting the youth based on the arguments he has presented to me and my fellow jurors. No record of the prosecution's argument against Socrates survives. Socrates was a great philosopher of the Greek world. Xenophon indicates that the impiety charge stemmed primarily from the contention of Socrates that he received divine communications (a "voice" or a "sign") directing him to avoid politics and concentrate on his philosophic mission. Two recent governmental take overs occurred with the threat of a third. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. I.F. Stone concludes: "One could in the same city and in the same century worship Zeus as a promiscuous old rake, henpecked and cuckolded by Juno or as Justice deified. As for the charge that his moral instruction provided intellectual cover for the anti-democratic revolt of Critias and his cohorts, Socrates denies responsibility. He was no longer a lovable town eccentric. He tells the crowd that his conviction resulted from his unwillingness to "address you as you would have liked me to do." Socrates (rubbing chin) and Plato (under tree) from a mosaic from Pompeii, Writing in the third-century C.E. As a matter of personal integrity, he made Athenians choose between their love of freedom and their love of community—and, in the end, they chose community. In 404 BC a twenty-seven-year war between Athens and Sparta came to an end. Helpful. Socrates, however, did no more than remind the jury that he had a family. Instead, what the modern world know about Socrates and his Socratic ideologies have come from the works of his students and predecessors. In 399 BCE Socrates was tried by an Athenian jury on charges of (a) denying the existence of deities, (b) introducing new deities, and (c) corrupting the youth of Athens. Preoccupied with his moral instruction, he probably failed to attend important religious festivals. The trial of Socrates in 399 bce occurred soon after Athens’s defeat at the hands of Sparta in the Peloponnesian War (431–404 bce). The trial of Socrates November 3, 2020 by Essay Writer As a member of the jury for the trial of Socrates, I have concluded that Socrates is not guilty of corrupting the youth based on the arguments he has presented to me and my fellow jurors. Read more . The trial of Socrates. HIRE verified writer $35.80 for a 2-page paper. For those interested in Socrates 's Socrates provocatively tells his jury that he had a family defiant -- unapologetic! 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